Put bluntly: “Wall Street” is not an amorphous “black box” system – it consists of financial actors such as investment banks and hedge funds; instruments such as commodity derivatives; and technologies such as algorithmic trading. Understanding how financial connectivity evolves in the Anthropocene should include more than general criticisms against financial systems. It should also try to map how these actors, their relations, and associated capital flows shape the biosphere.
What happens in Wall Street and other international financial centers matters. Hopefully our article provides a first step in opening the financial “black box”.