For people in poor countries who have no money to pay teleoperator subscriber line costs for net connection (even if internet will be free of additional data rate cost), there are different projects like Piratebox, its landline version Maidsafe, FabFI in Afghanistan, and others that use "TV white space technology", radiochannels that are not used by commercial operators, for total cost free internet in poor countries. All these are "do it yourself- internet" - type solutions to bring net to poor people in developing countries, who don
t have money to spent on net connection. Also direct connection mobile ad hoc networks like B.A.T.M.A.N in Germany and Commotation Wireless in USA exists. Motorola IDEN and WiDEN phones can connect about 10 km distances, similar standard (OMA PoC) is in Europe but no phones for it is manufactured. Gotenna is low energy bluetooth solution which connects phones directly 100 km distances theoretically. All these are DIY solutions which offer alternative connections to existing commercial solutions. Also possibility of using skywave or other athmospheric propagationmethod (there are many of them, some are in several megaherz and even gigaherz range) that are previusly used by military communications about 50 years but not anymore because of satellite communication, can use for free long range net communication study. Long range Wifi together with athmospheric propagation is already under study. Most of these athmospheric skywave anomalities are near equator, where most of poor people live, in africa/ mediterrinean is specific skywave propagation etc. Also using long wave propagation like "groundwave" etc., with very small data rates. On other hand gigahertz athmospheric propagation exits even in high 3- 5 ghz frequency. Those athmospheric methods will be real multicasting, every message is heard almost everywhere over the planet. But all these free methods means bypassing existing internet (commmercial) front end structure. There is dual commercial/free solution (teleoperator Fon in Spain) offering WIFI either free or with payment, but it is not total cost free. Those worldwide multinational teleoperator firms that have largest amount of subscribers, are almost all state-owned or partially state-owned by some rich, or very rich (Norway, middle eastern countries) country. In fact telebisnes is most tightly under governmental control because of state-owned firms, perhaps even more than oil industry etc., than any bisnes in the world. Commercial TV - bisnes is free for charge for end customer, because advertisement money covers expenses of operation and also brings profit. Commercial radiobisnes is free of end user payments, even it relies heavily on expensive base (copyrighted music with its royalty payments). Both of them use radiowaves for transmission. However, internet is using radiowaves too, using mostly content that is free for teleoperator, it gets lots of advertisement money, and still charges money from end customer. Why ? Answer has been that landline costs are high, but in development countries most teleoperators have only mobile internet. But still those firms charge money even more than they charge from rich people in rich countries. In netpage" Price rating by country of internet (10 mbps, unlimited data, cable/adsl) (monthly)" one can see that in the poorest countries of the world internet connection is also most expensive in the world, dozen times more expensive than in rich country. And still state-owned (or partially state-owned) teleoperators have businesses in almost every poor country, under different names and disguises. Because state- owned firms are owned by citizens of each individual country, only political deciscion is needed to correct this situation. If teleoperator cant afford plain commercially paid net connection, solution in 3G and 4G networks (even 4G networks exist in development countries, even poorest ones, nowadays) will be slowering data rates per free customer, for example drastic reduction that drops data down to only 1/100th or 1/30th of commercial customer, teleoperator now gets for 100 times more advertsement money than for one commercial customer compared to data transmisson rate and bandwith/ channel usage. Of course net connection will be slow, but sophisticated data compression methods (libde265, future Daala for video, ATC Labs Immersive Sound Field Retention for sound, Intelligent Dictionary Based Encoding for text, Fox Unicode text character encoding, Finite State Encoding/ HPACK for general data encoding, My Photo Zip for still pictures etc.) would help. Also free connection would be only for net usage, no normal voice calls or SMS. However VOiP calls over internet and internet messaging services are allowed. There exist today one teleoperator that uses these methods already, Globalgig, but of course it doesn
t offer free net connection. One probllem is that emergency calls are not possible in VOiP. so these must be allowed for VOiP calls. Also translation of different languages, both text and video files, and voice synth translation for people who cannot read is needed. Translations can use machine translation, or other (volunteers who do text and video file translation for free etc.). Many teleoperators use "zero rating", in south africa etc. They offer net content free with only subscriber line cost, and offer TV- series etc. material. One Tv- film consumes 300mb or more data and also royalty payments are high. Isnt it more sensible to offer free net without subscriber line cost without expensive content, offering only public domain, freeware material, and restricted data rate which multiplies advertisement money for teleoperator for badwith usage. Also customer base would have explosive growth when large number of poor people are now using the net. Some kind of data restriction (max monthly usage of gigabytes etc.) must be on free net. For emergency use also partion of next month
s usage is allowed for emergency call etc. important if one months data usage is already spent. In Ukraine continous 10 mbit/sec dta rate line costs 3.9 dollars per custome a month, and teleoperator is making profitable business. Ukraine is an industrial country. In some poor african or south american country line costs would be even cheaper. Extra advertisement money that covers 1 - 3 dollar customer subscription fee (among advertising money teleoperator already gets) is realistic goal for teleoperator and advertisers even in poor countrie. If operator gets that, total free line cost is reality even for pure commercial basis. In netpage "Worldstream.com: Avarage cost per click by coyntry around the world" is statistics how much advertisement money is generated by internet operators by contry. There are "Tier 1" worldwide internet connection wuthout data rate cost. The cost of sending data from other side of the globe to another is dropped so now cost is 0,005 % compared to year 1998. But teleoperator charges haven`t drop to 0,005% compared to year 1998. Why? Also advertisement money for net has grown exponentially so they have money on that way too. But internet line costs are almost same level as 1998. Why? Also using sort of closed file system like Virtual File System with reduced access to "real" internet (only public domain materia is allwed and freeware) is possibility to bring costs down for free net connection. This kind of "zeronet" would have minimum server and search engine usage, and thus low costs. For example Wikipedia can be scrutinized to 3,5 gigabytes without pictures and 5 giabytes with pictures. Whole english Wikipedia. If that database is in every cell phone tower link everytime Wikipedia is used message pass only between nearest cell phone tower and user, so use of teleoperators resources is minimum. Same can be implement on GNUhealth, Ekopedia ym. Public domain material like openculture.com -netpage books and education courses etc. can also be in cell tower link "near info package" in every link tower. Bringing costs down that way and same time slowering data rate to end user (so that teleoperator gets more advertising money per bandwith), total cost free internet can be profitable solution even for commercial operator. But state-owned firms could implement them first bacause they are under governmental control (either majority or minority ownership of stock shares). In Afghanistan there is a teleoperator whose majority ownership is in charity fund, so that would be one posiibility to start total cost free mobile internet in poor countries. But state-owned teleoperators around gloge operting in poor countries must start it too. Making political lobbying group worldwide that takes this initiative to public debate is needed and people must begin action.