The debate of net neutrality and other similar topics when question is free internet for development countries is quite irrevelant. People in third world could not care less about net neutrality, censorship etc., they just want internet connection that is free to them (toll free, subscription line payment free, zero rating). If in first phase payment free internet can even be some sort of monopoly of some firm (or firms) 5-10 years, after that is time to worry about net neutrality etc. This is the same situation as people are starving in third world because they have no food. Without internet connection they are like “starving” due to lack of information without all that knowledge and connections that internet provides. When people are starving you give them food. But making announcements like “I cannot give you food just now altough I know you are starving, because I have first to make sure that this food is properly made” is perfect analogue what is happening if possible free internet connection is denied from people of third world because it is not net neutral or whatever. The food in this case is information and knowledge. Only some time later, when free net connection is available at third world, is time to worry about net neutrality, 5- or 10 years later, and made corrections then if necessery. Most important is to provide free internet connection to third world now, not postpone it to foreseeable future. Google, Twitter, Facebook, Microsoft Math, Wikipedia have all zero rating internet programs. Collecting these together and using data compression and limited internet access with data rate restrictions would make cost free internet (cost free to user) true in third world. Even few dozen kilobytes / sec or few megabytes per day, if it is payment free, is enough to start free internet in third world. Net connection is paid by adverisements. Better data rates can follow later. Now people in third world have no internet connection, so 90% advertising money (220 billion dollars, huge sum, is spend in third world at advertising in every year) goes to traditional outdoor and newspaper marketing in third world, and only 10% goes to internet. This could be otherway around if people there could have at least some kind of free internet option instead of subscription line payments, so 200 billion dollars could go to internet advertising, not just 20 like nowadays. Spotify, Pandora Radio, T-Mobile streaming service, FreeBee Data are examples of costly internet operations that are however free to internet user. They are advertisement paid. Similar structure is suitable for free internet in third world. But instead of music streaming this “Netify” service offers free internet in third world. Because data rates are restricted in free internet and quality of service is not so good, free internet will not alienate those who already pay for internet services in third world and those people does not suddenly jump to free “zeronet” with limited capacity. But people who have no money to pay will use this zeronet. Also phone can be given free to free internet user in third world, because price of electronics is so low nowadays. If one family receives one cheap smarthone, that has two or three “remote screens” that are connected with smartphone with thin wire couple of metres long, information goes with electric current to remote screen like old “electric internet” internet connection through electric cables systems. Remote screen is phone without processor or batteries, only black & white screen, electric ink or other, no touchsreen, it is “remote control unit” for smartphone. Smartphone and remote control units use roll printed electronics in almost every component except processor SoC. Smartphone colour touchscreen, batteries etc. can be made with roll printing. Also headphones, 3 or 4 that comes with phone, are made with roll printing, cheapest possible headphones. This package, cheap roll printed smartphone (with ordinary silicon SoC), two or three remote controllers with screen, couple of headphones, will cost only few dollars and most of that price comes from processor SoC. This phone is advertisement paid like net connection (sponsored). Operating cost of net connection in year is higher than few dollar phone that many people can use simultaneysly with cheap remote control units, so also this phone package can be given free to free internet user. Quadcore ARM SoC cost only 4 dollar couple of year ago, so octacore ARM phone SoC that is ordered from factory 1000 000 000 units for free net phone, will cost very little. iPhone is sort of status symbol in third world, so “iPhony” clone phone that looks like iPhone and has similar looking graphic GUI but that cost nothing, because it comes free with free net connection, would be new mark of equality of technology in third world. Wire connections between smartphone and remote controller units are made with roll printed flat ribbon electric wires. “iPhony” s operating system is however Linux or Android etc. It is also cheaply build using roll printing whenever possible. Compressing data, like graphics in ScreenPressor, audio and video compression etc. so free net if it has audio or video at all that is low quality highly compressed. Text can also be compressed, and most of free net internet traffic is propably text information, because its costs almost nothing to send or receive nowadays. Compression methods like Additive Quantization (Martinez), Anamorphic Stretch Transform compression, “Unicode table compresion in FOX”, and “ScreamingHD” video compression can be used. Also multicast transmissions, so millions of devices receive same information in same frequency and in same channel can be used, so free net is more like radio and television broadcasting where millions of people listens and watches exatly the same radio frequency channel, than normal two way internet traffic. However free net can have hundreads of (net TV) video and audio (net radio) channels on air at the same time. Because only few hundred channels, frequencies and time slots are in use that is much cheaper than usual internet traffic where millions of people occupy millions of channels. Normal two way internet traffic can be provided but it has data retrictions in free net. No voice calls (voice over internet is however possible). Radeeus, Neverthink TV etc. are services that are suitable for free net. Ecological search engines donate some amount of their profit to charity. Search engine that gives money to free internet connection instead of ecology is possible in third world. mCent / Jana and Puggle Me are web browser and search engine respectively for free net. Nobody has noticed “Puggle Me”, cheap program for free net, altough billions of dollars are spend in satellite etc. free internet projects. DataWind Ubisurfer, iSpaces cloud browser / computer are other nobody notices - projects. Ekopedia, healthcare and educational information, Free Basics can also be in free net. Speech synth in smartphone is needed because people in third word cannot read or write in many cases. Connection to public domain, freeware, abondonware etc. content in internet could be possible in free net., and connection to costly material that internet provider must pay, restricted or nonexistant in free net. In netpage Wealthdaily in 2016 is article “The cheapest internet in the world”. In similar way than using one way transmission like net radio and TV also text information could be send, as “book radio service”, continous transmission of text in some channels, and everybody can receive this information and read it or store it and read it later if they want, or pass it by like listening radio or watching TV. If everybody are using same time slot, same frequency, same channel, they can all receive, millions of people, the same information. That is cheap, but it is not two way communication. But sophisticated net TV, net radio, and one way net text transmissions can be used in free net together with restricted two-way communication that is more expensive than just one way transmission from link tower to all receiving devices at the same channel. I don t know why modern smarthopnes must have enormous graphic processing storage, small programs with simple graphics, like in “Tinyapps” netpage, few kilobytes is enough for computer program, megabytes is not needed in many cases. Such “tinyapps” attitude for free net computer programs is needed, not megabytes large programs with fancy graphics. Small amount of simple graphics, and that compressed like ScreenPressor and other data compression and graphics compression programs. Still pictures, audio and video is low quality and highly data compressed in free net. Text cost almost nothing for internet provider to sent, so most of information can be text-based in free net, and even text can be compressed. Instead of many smartphones one smartphone with thin wire connected to smartphone and cheap “remote control units” can be given to one family etc., so one processor SoC and one real smartphone can handle several persons internet use simultaneusly. Articles: “Africa: internet access more important for africans than net neutrality”, “Net neutrality, zero-rating & development: what s the data” 2014, “Zero-rating educational content on the internet” 2016. Normal internet link modems and links need only software patch to turn them to handle IoT traffic together with normal internet. IoT net traffic is designed to put minimal amount of strain to radio frequency communication. If free internet in third world needs communication protocol that is more cost effective than those used nowadays, that can be put to use simply adding software patch to link tower or modem. Large number of teleoperators operating in third world are either wholly or partially owned by state owned companies, from industrial countries, rich middle eastern countries or China (government owned companies). When they are state owned companies they are under parlamental rule. So parlamental decision can bring free internet in third world if there is parlamental will for it. Also private owned companies can bring free internet to third world, it can even be commercially profitable concerning billions of people without net connection (advertisement money pouring to free net in third world begin, if there just would be cost free net connection in third world). What kind of data compression to use? There is Finite State Entropy, Qdigest algorithm, Sparse Fourier Transform (SFT), Tournament coding of integers (Teuhola). Using approximate computing (Rice university), analog processing (Glenn Cowan 2005 VLSI math co-processor, with perhaps analog compression like Xampling, PAL TV quadrature compression, MUSE HD TV compression, and then extra digital compression after signal is already analog compressed and leaves analog circuit), or delta (sigma) modulation. Elettra Venosa texts about “Time interleaved ADC”, Bonavolonta “New approach based on compressive sampling” 2014, Cheung Chan (Hong Kong) “Sample by sample adaptive differential vector quantization (SADVQ)”. Cubic- or spherical vector quantization, RIQ-ADPCM, RIVQ-DPCM (recursively indexed / vector quantization), “pulse group modulation” patents by Hartmann 2002, 2003, “Quantization and greed are good” Mroueh 2013, “High order delta sigma noise shaping” Flintbox netpage, “One bit quantization without delta sigma” Takis Zourntos, “Direct-digital synthesis using delta-sigma modulated signals” Orino, Albert Weggener hardware compression patents Samplify Systems Inc. Feedback Amplitude Modulation FBAM and Vector Phaseshaping Synthesis are sound synthesis methods, but perhaps can be used in signal processing also? Octasys Comp (van den Boom) is data compression. Dithering can be used to improve low bitrate data accuracy. Delta sigma modulation uses some highly efficient noise shaping techniques. Multiple description coding with delta sigma can also be used. Other ways to bring effective digital communication: Mikogo Desktop, Dooble browser (earlier version was purely distributed form), “Flutter” Wifi by Taylor Alexander. And “Using floating point numbers as blockchain”. The price of memory is cheap also nowdays, in netpage Dramexchange NAND price is per gigabyte almost nonexistent. If slow but cheap (RAM) magnetic memory is used in ultra cheap smartphone cheap price is more important than fast memory access (fast memory has small memory capacity per dollar compared to cheap and big but slow memory). Also ROM memory can be mask ROM and that should be even more cheaper than RAM. If phone has inbuild adware in its firmware adverts can be inbuild into phone, so no adverts through net connection is needed so much, and internet data stream saved for other than adverts traffic. Ongoing “marketing campaing” is in use everytime phone is in use, if adware is build in firmware, saving internet connection data stream for “real” communication. Google cardboard virtual glasses are cheap video glasses that use telephone and small frame and nothing else. Plastic version of it, or couple of them for phone and for “remote control” screens can be given away with phone. Webinos, Google Web Intents, Mozilla Web Activities can be used in free net. Pyramid-, cubic-, and spherical vector quantization, “algebraic integer quantization” concept, jittered random sampling (Luo 2014 and Parsons 2014), “Sparse composite quantization”, “Pairwise quantization”, “Multiple base number system” Dimitrov, “multiple base composite integer” at MROB netpage, “preferred numbers” that are integers that offer better accuracy than usual integers (Renard series, E-series) etc. can be used. Perhaps preferred numbers and multiple base composite integer or Dimitrov s multiple base numbers can be combined. Texts not about internet for third world but general internet information use: "The integrated media machine " Mauri Ylä-Kotola 2000, “Querying string databases with modal logic” Matti Nykänen 1997, “Task complexity, information types and information sources” Katriina Byström 1999, “Aspects of relevance in information modelling methodololical principles and conceptual problems” Esko Marjomaa 1997 (ISBN 9514442237), “Digital media in networks 1999 perspectives to digital world” Timo Väliharju 2000, “Designing ICT for mothers user psychological approach” Hanna Parkkola 2006, “Studying user interface strategies and characteristics for developing web search interfaces” Anne Aula 2005, WEBSOM concept (Kohonen), “Adaptive informatics” concept, “Self-organizing governance” (Elinor Ostrom), “Glossasoft” (Timo Honkela), “Peace machine” (Timo Honkela). Other than internet: “Operations research” (Hamdy A. Taha), “Economics of globalisation and the enviroment” 1999 (Leena Lankoski, Jussi Lankoski), the “Triple helix association” and its publications (seven volumes). Modular phones whose innards can be replaced is sometimes presented in smartphone concepts. Because those cheap smartphones that free net uses are very cheap, even batteries perhaps cannot be changed (because they are part of phone frame in super cheap phone), perhaps some slightly expensive smartphones could have replaceable components such as processor SoC and batteries, and perhaps other changeable parts also. So not all new phone is necessery to buy, only new processor or screen etc. People in third world have no money to buy new smartphone in every three years or so, so changeable parts would solve this problem. But only in more expensive than super cheap smartphones. Some own energy generator, like solar cell or Peltier element generator can be used, when there is no other electricity sources. Solar cell or Peltier generator can be build cheaply using roll printing. Also is possible to make cheap portable CD/DVD players to third world market (such are manufactured in China), but even cheaper few dollar priced, where electronic logic and batteries etc. are made with roll printing, altough mechanical parts (electric motor etc.) are conventional. “Ecodisc” cheap CD/DVD/ DVD-ROM discs that are flexible single layer discs can be made at almost no cost per unit (0,1 dollar or so). Ecodisc prototypes of dual layer DVD were made but not put into production. In China ordinary CDs and DVDs are made with less than 0,1 dollar factory price, and Blu ray discs less than one dollar. If BD-ROM discs or recordable Blu ray discs are used, and cheap players for them, cheap optical memory is possible. GoTenna, Shruti Drishti, EnOcean, MyriaNed, Open Garden Inc., Skyfire browser (discontinued), wireless IP phone, SIP phone, Wifi phone, “Beyond P2P: What if drop down?” are means to make internet communication. Wifi phones are cheaper (?) than ordinary phones. Inexact computing in video and audio signal processing can significanly make signal processor simpler (Rice university). Chinese TransOS multi user OS, and shape adaptive transform (“Shape-adaptive transforms filtering” -version etc.), and Sparse Fourier transform are new concepts, and DataWind UbiSurfer browser, Infinit (file sharing), Fon Wifi, FabFi Wifi, Oluvus free internet, Android Be-Bound app, Intabank Bandwidth Bank, CrowdRoaming, Solu Machines SoluOS (discontinued Linux distro), iSpaces cloud computer / browser, Global Villages Inc. internet bus (Mobile access point MAP- principle where motorcycles, busses etc. provide internet, not fixed link towers), and Freerice. “A human right: everyone connected”, and Humanitarian free and open source software (HFOSS) are organisations. Privacy- agnostic prgramming and Policy- agnostic programming (Lifty, Jifty, Binah) and a proposed alternative to internet communication network that is much safer than internet now by Tuomas Valtonen are safer methods to make connection. To make text databases smaller compression is needed. Instead of 8 bit unicode text can use Intelligent Dictionary Based Encoding IDBE, and very large dictionary. Inglish langiuage has 170 000 words, so 18 bit dictionary is needed. 18 bits is 256 000 values so 170 000 for words and 80 000 most used sentences of english can be stored, with about 3000 unicode characters and 3000 IDBE vowels which are 2-4 letter long for example. 18 bit can be mode from 16 bit using Bounded Integer Sequence Encoding BISE or dthering 16 bit to 19-20 bit precision. So instead of 8-32 bit UTF character per letter, one 16 bit data can include complete words and even complete sentences. Using 16 bit floating point IEEE standard or Intel deep learning 16 bit FP format, and mantissa expansion (Gal s accuracy tables revisited method etc.) even more information space is available for text. 8 bit can be used if Microsoft deep learning FP format with 2 bit significand is used, and mantissa expanded with Gal s tables etc. up to 17 -18 bits, enough for english words setc. So 8 bits can store complete word of text and 16 bit not only word but complete (of most used sentences list that is stored) sentence, so text can be compressed to small space. Or use 1 bit delta-sigma modulation with 16 bit internal multibit or multirate processing, now 1 bit is enough for bit compression of 1:16 compression ratio (1 bit is 2 values, 16 bits is 65536 values, so this is huge compression ratio), and this system can be used for other data compression also. Large dictionaries can also be used with video compression, picture is divided to small screens, each small screen has CGI generatd shapes and patterns, only time necoding how shape changes over time, colour and shape pattern for each small screen is needed, video is computer image constructed, so very small bitrate video compression is possible, but it needs large dictionary. Now when even cheap phones have gigabytes of memory, one or two gigabytes can go to this video format memory to store shapes and patterns of image, now still pictures and video can be send with very low bitrate (no individual pixel information is needed, picture is build using “building blocks” of shapes and patterns, that are in phone s own memory, and no individual pixel information is need to send), so only few hundread or thousand bits can build a picture, and moving picture only needs time encoding how these shapes and patterns change over time, so video compression with minimal bitrate is possible. Because floating point numbers of 16 or 32 bits have huge range, and their (mantissa) accuracy can be increased accordingly, only few floating point numbers can be used to point to dictionary of billions values accurately. However picture is computer generated animation, so it propably would not look very convincing. Multiterminal source coding, multiple description coding, multiple base composite integer at MROB netpage, multiple base number system (Dimitrov) etc. can also be used. Posit floating point is relative to a-Law logarithmic encoding, so Gal s accuracy tables method (revisited) method should work with posit floating point format also, Quadiblock (John G. Savard) in Google Groups 29.9 2017 “Beating posits at their own game” text. S. Boldo and Malcolm mantissa expansion can work in posits also maybe. Tethering, application sharing, FreeLAN, Akamai, Diaspora social network, Sulia, Zooniverse, LeanPath, Meka (Uganda), Matibabu, Clinixon, and Moeda are ways to use internet. Broadband over power lines and its better version E-Line (Goubau line) can send internet traffic over power lines. Broadband over power lines and E-Line can perhaps be used simultaneusly in same power cable, because they use different frequencies, increasing capacity. Internet over power cables is suitable solution for third world countries, when mobile internet is not used. If ordinary 3G or 4G network can be turned to IoT communication simply using software, turning 3G or 4G network to special free net (zeronet) communication protocol that makes possible small data rates (with data compression) and economical communication costs is possible simply using suitable software patch, in third world. IoT uses cheap economical communication already. Collecting zero rating internet providers for third world (Google, Facebook, Twitter, Microsoft etc.) together, and using best available cost effective data and internet distribution and data compression techniques, cost effective, advertisement paid, free to user (limited) internet can be true in third world, even without satellites, balloons etc. obscure projects. Free here means without subscription line payments or other cost to user, line connection is advertisement paid / commercially sponsored completely. In India DataWind has in some cases 0,5 dollar or even 0,1 dollar / month payment rates for internet. What if this 0,1 dollar or 0,5 dollar cost is paid also by advertisement money, like rest of the line cost? Totally free of cost to user internet is then true. Wideband connections for free net can be sometime in the future, even small data rate for third world free internet will do if it can be started now.