Because the price of electronics is so low today four- core Intel Atom processor cost 5 dollars and Allwinner A33 four- core cost 4 dollars and microcontrollers even most sophisticated ones cost less than 0,4 dollars a piece how these cheap prices could be used to manufacturing cheap devices for third world countries? It is not the cost of phone or tablet PC but the cost of a internet connection that prevents using internet in the third world. Cheap chinese phones at the price of 5 - 6 dollar factory sell out price can be used as cheap PDA (Personal Digital Assistant). These phones has graphics/ video processor so video games and movies can be watched at SD memory card, analogue radio is a standard feature and some have analogue TV (sold as "mobile phone with TV function"). So 7-8 dollar bazaar price phone can act as a game console a TV, a radio, a music MP3 player, a video player, a "computer" with educational etc. software etc. even without internet or telephone connection. Printed electronics is coming to real mass production. Roll printing makes possible almost no cost at unit- production and manufacturing scale of billions of units of some product. In India and China there are already large investments in roll printed electronics, so manufacturing cheap simple electronics there or if the tech is similar like printing books, country with book manufacturing can have own printed electronic plant. Price per unit manufactured would be very low so commercially sponsored products with no price to the end user are possible, and printed electronics products can be given away as free. Manufacturing displays, batteries, even a sort of magnetic memories and other electronic components is possible using roll printed electronics so ultra low cost television / computer monitor, radio- etc. equipment for third world is possible. Devices like hearing aid products are cheap bulk products already in China and elsewhere, but expensive ones like Bone Anchored Hearing Aid cost from 3000 euros to 4000 dollars. However with the cheap price of modern electronics BAHA device that cost only few dozen dollars is possible to build, using standard silicon chip processors that are cheap nowadays. And altough internet is not economically possible to majority of the population in the third world because that cost money, making free internet connection to end user with commercial (advertisement) paid, with limited access (data rate restrictions weekly / monthly scale) to internet and only for public domain / freeware material is possible. Perhaps video material is only for paying customers so text- based browsers like WAP are used, audio and text is left for cost free version, or even audio is forbidden in cost free net so only text- based information is in the free net for the third world. However, how much restricted the free internet connection would be, at least some kind of payment- free system in the third world for internet use must have. Because 4G networks are being made even in the poorest of countries, and 4G in there means few dozen megabits/ sec rate, that is however enough that several / several thousands of people share same "phone cell channel". Every message received will be received by everyone in the same "radio cell" so messages must have some header code that only phone with proper header opens the message altough it is received with everybody in the radio cell. Now one telephone connection can be shared by thousands of people, which makes individual data rates very low but maximum data compression solves that problem. Using direct connection without base station like Motorola / Nextel iDEN / WIDEN or Sprint push- to- talk, or european OMA PoC (for that no phone manufacturer has ever made products of, unlike iDEN network that is in use in some South American countries, making possible telephones to communicate directly like radio telephones without base stations) and Gotenna etc. solutions for direct communication. Wifi ranges has many similar solutions but maximum range is 40 metres at wifi frequencies for phone to phone communication . Longer range is possible using athmospheric propagation. That is like Andrew Lippmann s viral telephone network or Ted Nelson s Xanadu. But if normal telephone and internet mobile network is using commercial sponsors and advertisement paid, like Jana / mCent app is doing, typical normal telephone / mobile internet network can offer free to end user internet connection in the third world. That is one suggestion for cost free internet connection for the third world. There are three businesses in the world that are mainly state owned and governmental control: oil business, weapons trade, and telebusiness. Oil is traditionally offered below budget price in those countries that have state- owned oil business. What if instead those billions used in cheap fuel that money is used to free internet for their citizens? State owned telebusiness is in around the world, in the third world some chinese state-owned company, or Orange (earlier France Telecom), or some investment company from oil rich middle east country (state owned) or Russian Vimpelcom (owned partially by Telenor Norway, which also owns Grameenphone), even TeliaSonera has telebusiness in Afghanistan etc. So third world telephone connections are under parlamental control at least partially, and for non-mobile internet telephone wire networks are mainly state-owned still in third world countries. So commercially paid by advertisements free internet for end user is possible to arrange using parlamental decision. What is possible to build with cheap electronics for third world market? Such as cheap musical instruments, or "educational tablet PCs" like Prasad in India or Cheertone in China, aimed for children, Personal Digital Assistants with educational programs but with lower prices than Cheertone 20 dollars and Prasad 40 dollar price today. Those have Android OS but no internet connection. And if the aim is to make cheap internet device / TV display / game console/ computer the best option is perhaps not to use graphical display at all because they are expensive, at least in tablet PC sized devices. Instead all graphical information goes to very cheap video glasses, and the tablet PC or phone has only simple touchplate in the place of touchscreen. Cursor is seen at the video glasses and same touch control that is in touchscreen is now seen as cursor in video glasses display. Using double click or double tapping the touchplate when cursor is in the right place in the video glass display is substitute for touchscreen display. Cheapest chinese video glasses were Elekworld / IVS VG260 model that was for sale at 2,5 dollar price at some chinese netshop year ago or so. So cheapest quality video glasses can be build with very cheap prices and with printed electronics even cheaper. The device itself is like ordinary phone or tablet PC but without touchscreen, instead it has simple touchplate from corner to corner. Some simple functions can perhaps have indicator lights, LED lights etc. or simplest LCD screen, and perhaps push buttons for primary functions. All other information goes to the cheap video glasses that are integral part of the device. Smaller and simpler would be "Android TV stick" -style device with few push buttons for primary functions and all other information is handled at the video glasses, navigation push buttons do the cursor navigation in the video glasses like navigation buttons in the ordinary phones without touchscreen. That would be even cheaper. If the phone is ordinary type with touchscreen display, making Google cardboard VR glasses type simply plastic support for phone that can be now used as virtual glasses is best solution for ordinary phones. Altough printed electronics is not suitable for large scale integrated circuits simple circuits like 4000 series CMOS or XR2206 perhaps can be built with it. Music synths using circuits like "Lunetta" type is suitable for third world market, made using printed electronics, almost no production cost at all. Altough if the synth is modular changing connection wires to some simple push-button type is best because otherwise connection wires cost more than synth itself. Microcontroller cheap modular synths like Midibox, OWL Modular, Lush projects One, Axoloti, Mako DSP, FreeDSP, Aquila DSP, Xibo RaspberryPi, Horus DSP and other. For devices there are Motus movement synth, Mogees app etc. Microcontroller synths with minimal prices (1-2 dollars) is possible to build for third world market with production runs of millions of units. Other Arduino, RaspberryPi, Onion Omega2 -style and other (Pine64, C.H.I.P) are also suitable for third world if their prices are small enough and they can be manufactured in large scale mass production. What other devices with ultra- low price are possible for third world? How to use modern cheap prices for electronics for the benefit of third world? What kind of devices should be manufactured? Using microcontrollers, both cheapest and more expensive ARM and Intel processors architechtures, DSPs, DSCs (Digital Signal Controllers), even old CMOS series 4000 and other chips with minimal price, what can be built? Even cheap microcontroller have a capacity of ordinary PC of 1980s, and their architechture (microcontroller) is based on some cases Apple PC, IBM PC or Amiga / Commodore and Z80 processors, so 0,4 dollar or less costing PC processor running old 1980s or 1990s programs is possible. Perhaps modern microcontreller with x86 architechture can run old first generation Pentium PC computer programs from early 1990s. Not only modern AMD Gizmo or Quark processor but some very cheap old 5X86 or 6X86 architechture microcontroller can perhaps run old Pentium computer programs from early 1990s, if this old style microcontroller is manufactured at modern narrow nanometer technique. And for 4 dollar price is available modern quad-core tablet PC processor. Perhaps for magnetic memory if printed electronics is used, manufacturing Richard M. Lienau s SHRAM (Sheet RAM) memory is usable. Manufacturing of devices should be in China, India, Indonesia etc. where cost is minimal because target price of product itself is minimal, perhaps less than one dollar street price if printed electronics is used, few dollars for microcontroller based products, and 5 - 10 / 20 dollars for phones and tablet PCs and other products for example. If TV sets and other displays can be built cheaply using printed electronics I don t know. And for other products: cheap "discman" CD / DVD players at china factory price is 5-6 dollars about, the player plays CD and DVD discs. In supermarkets are being sold DVD films at cardboard sleeve with price of 1,95 euros, but discount price of 1 euros. These DVD films have first been licensed to some local firm, that gives them to supermarket, and DVD factory takes its own profit for manufacturing DVD discs. So very little is being left for DVD copyright owner (film firm). There is also manufacturing technique Ecodisc, it makes single layer DVD (and CDs) s very cheaply. Because film firm receives very small amount of money from 1 euro DVD at supermarket sale in western country, the same firm can offer those DVDs for sale at third world even cheaper, if Ecodisc manufacturing, local DVD factories, and local distrubutors are used. And not only DVD films. Also music is cheap nowadays because of Spotify and other streaming services that offer music with minimal copyright payments to copyright owners, the amount of money generated is absurdly low for streaming an CD album from the internet using Spotify or other streaming services. So making the same amount of money selling Ecodisc CD in third world with cardboard sleeve and cheap manufacturing would bring same amount of money to music owner than that situation that someone in the third world listens the same album in the music streaming service. So ultra cheap music CDs and DVDs with films can be sold in third world, and that would help bring down piratism in DVD and CD trade there, because those DVDs and CDs are now sold in similar prices as pirated CDs and DVDs but now copyright owner gets royalty payments and not all money go pirated products (CDs and DVDs) like is nowadays case in third world. Much of nowadays music is self-owned, so copyright owner can himself order the amount of royalty payments per CD in the third world, and even large record companies would get the same amount of money that music streaming from the internet brings to them, in direct CD sale for customers in the third world, nowadays CD market in the third world is full of pirated products that rightful owners won t get any money. The cheap chinese "discman" players have either DVD or CD machinery, not both. Choosing only DVD machinery and then releasing music simply as DVD discs (12 or 8 cm) without a video is best solution, 8cm DVD with 4cm plastic ring to make 12cm disc even cheaper, DVD player can be used as watching films and for listening music. There are myriad audio and video standards, cheapest and no licence cost and simplest (for the cost of electronics) should be for the devices. As today s DVD players and portable music players are packed with different codecs (MP3, AAC, Microsoft) something like chinese DRA or ogg Opus for sound and chinese AVS for video (these cheap devices are propably made in china anyway) or libde265 or other effective like Google s video codecs but license free, so that single layer DVD can be packed with long video and audio material, if Ecodisc manufacturing is used. And using only one audio and one video codec for simplicity of electronics. One audio codec can handle both telephone voice and music content like ogg Opus, and the music "MP3 player" section can also be used as wavetable music synthesizer (Antti Huovilainen), and if several music codecs are used MP3 and AAC codecs can have shared internal circuity partally etc. to save costs. And using such as AAC filter banks or DAC:s delta-sigma modulator with ring oscillator/ modulator as musical instrument also. And for musical instruments: if DSPs are used then old (20 years old) Motorola 56000 or 68000 series or Texas Instruments TMS 320 or earliest SHARCs etc that are manufactered now in very cheap price, are an option, altough modern TMS 430 is cheap also. First "real" FPGA Xilinx Virtex 1 is from november 1997 about so it is only 19 years old. There are dozens of FPGA synths, from the netpage fpgasynth.beepworld.de/history or 96khz.org (Jurgen Schumacher) netpage. There are dozens of others too, almost all academic research projects. Available number of FPGA synths must be around 100 or more by now, but not commercial products, cheap ones, has never appeared based on these myriad studies. One FPGA can include dozens of different synths in one chip, so in this way FPGA is a cheap platform. The microcontroller- based devices itself would be small size like dspGplug or Mixtela synths within USB or MIDI cable, like Midi Vampire or Roman Sowa Midimplant, or such hand held products like Wrist Piano, swiss made Watch Out mini (Felix Bänteli) synth, and "Boowis-Kleinster synthesizer", KeKePad, "Second Skin Synth", Cornell University Aura gloves, and mi.mu gloves.1980s were "Coca Cola Coke music system" keyboard watch, and "Seiko Frequency" wrist watch drum machine. Nowadays "Click Watches" manufactures "Dip Switch" and "Turn Switch" watches with printed electronic boards. From these small and cheap wristwatch- like devices price range and device size can go up to 100 dollar sophisticated synth workstation with keyboard and many features etc. For video gaming 8 bit game consoles are already manufactured with only few dollar factory price in china. Also music generating instrument like Rhea Jeong designed Samsung "Colorsonic synthetic music device" or Giorgio Sancristoforo s "Tableau generative" that itself composes, using music generative algorithms simply with pushing a button "play", with microcontroller design is an option. And how to use printed electronics roll printing to minimize cost? So what kind of different devices can be build using cheap electronics? For third world. And for more sophisticated products like phones speech synthesizer is a must because large amount people cannot read or write. Yamaha eVocaloid and old Micronas MAS 3515G had integrated speech synth, and so were discontinued Cyberworkshop Taiwan / Hong Kong sound chips. Also "Hidden Markov model speech synthesis" and Google s "WaveNet". The user interface must be simple also with simple icons like "Food" , "Work" , "Clothing" so pressing that icon gives information on these subjects, and perhaps "info pack" with basic information on different subjects is in every phone or tablet PC. The price must be very low, 5- 10 dollars for phones and 10 - 20 dollars for tablet PCs, Perhaps phones can be made such a low price that they are commercially sponsored and paid like free net connection and given away by free. For other products perhaps less than one dollar dollar street price if printed electronics is used exclusively, and from few dollar - 5 / 10 dollar microcontroller products to 5 - 10 to 20 dollar "sophisticated" products, perhaps even 50 dollar or max 100 dollar "high end" products like sophisticated synth music workstation. Examples of microcontroller products are Piranha "soft synth" for microcontroller, and Gameduino and Arduino OctoSynth, and Goom and Groovesizer synth, a sort of microcontroller based music workstation with cheap components. There are myriad microcontroller projects but their developers are not interested in large- scale mass production. Selling license production rights to China or Indonesia or India to some electronic factory or simply itself transfer production to some cheap factory there and start mass production, instead of handcrafting one piece by piece microcontreller products and selling them at prices of over hundread dollars. Now third world people will get to use those products also and at price that is suitable for them. Chinese toy electric pianos like Peng Zhan / Peng Jia 168B cost 1,65 dollars and that price includes shipping to overseas. What if now replacing toy piano sound circuit with microcontroller and creating a "professional" music synth or keyboard controller from cheap toy piano? And manufacturing that product a million pieces like like toy piano. Manufacturing niche products in the western country is not so profitable as manufacturing large scale mass produced low price products for third world market. And for use of internet: Free net or similar should be as possible "semantic web" with "semantic computing" and "semantic desktop" etc, like MongoDB, OntoLinux etc. are using today, with semantic, ontological etc. databases and content. But if it becomes expensive solution etc. then perhaps not, but any solution for free internet is suitable if it is just simply cheap. And perhaps using roll printed electronic components such as old first generation sound chips like TI SN76489N, AY-3-8910 and different later derivates like Yamaha YM3439, YMZ284, YM2203 or YM2612 and Philips SAA1099, Atari and Gameboy sound chips. Also using roll printing some of the earliest speech synth chips from late 1970s/ early 1980s could be manufactured. Also earliest computer CPU processor from the seventies / early eighties with about 10 000 - 40 000 transistors or ARM 0 that has only 10 000 transistors can be build using printed electronics, cheap "computers" that have the capability of early Apple 2 or first IBM PC but cost is almost nothing and can be given away free as advertisement paid commercially sposnsored (the device itself is the "advertisement") in development countries, production costs are 0,01 dollars per unit or something like that if production runs are billions of units, printed electronic display (black/white or other low quality), capacitave keyboard and perhaps solar panel and no batteries at all, all made using roll printing. There even are "soft synths" like Piranha and "Apple2 digital music synthesizer" that use these limited capabilites CPUs. And "The flexible sound synthesis using FPGA", "VITA synth : a modular platform based on FPGA". There were synth sound chips for phones manufactured by NEC, Oki, Rohm, Micronas, Macronix, Vimicro, Atmel SAM / Dream, Yamaha, and CS9236. These were mainly simple wavetable synths, late NEC and all Yamaha chips had FM modulation and some also have PWM. Only Yamaha and Dream remain in production. Even simply MP3 player circuit can be turned into wavetable synth as Antti Huovilainen has demonstrated. Even cheaper than these perhaps are old PC sound card synth chips from late 1990s, made by NEC, Ensoniq, EMU, Roland, Yamaha and many other manufacturers. Almost all old PC sound card models and types (from about 20 years ago) are still in production in China and other places, with their synth chips, and these old type PC sound cards are at very low price nowadays, factory prices are only few dollars or even less for large order of PC sound card of old design. These synth chips have PWM, FM and other features but require extra DAC chip etc. because they are about 20 years old designs. Sound cards are manufactured still today but synth chips from PC sound cards have completely disappeared, so old models are only available for OEM with synth chips. What if using cheap toy piano and putting old PC sound card or synth chip inside this toy instrument and create real professional keyboard that cost only few dollars and could be mass produced millions of units? There are also "real" synth chips for OEM production like EMU 8030. Some Yamaha chips have all-in-one solution where everything possible is integrated into single chip: synth, effects, DAC, headphone amp and loudspeaker amp of several dozen watts power in single chip. Some Yamaha chips have 0,9 Watt "loudspeaker", is this loudspeaker amp or is really small loudspeaker with 0,9W power integrated inside chip? If so, not even loudspaker is needed if everything is in the chip, perhaps "horn" type structure that amplifies tiny 0,9 Watt loudspeaker voice is needed in the device. Printed electronics use roll printing and it is cheap but transistors are a problem, no efficient roll printed transistors are manufactured. Danish DTU university demonstrated roll printed solar panel and logic circuits in the same roll printed thin film, and logic circuits of 8 bits with thousands of transistors is manufactured and also DAC that works only in 4 bits is being made, enough to make clones of old 4000 series integrated circuits and other old semiconductor logic stuff. Something that reminds first computer CPUs from the seventies with their few thousand transistor count can perhaps be built, or ARM 0 core with printed electronics, but far slower than silicon chip ARM 0 core. Also altough full music synthesizer is perhaps too much for today s printed electronics, perhaps things like Theremin, Ondes Martinot, Trautonium, "Coupleaux-Givelet synthesizer" (from 1929) etc. can be manufactured using cheap printed electronics, simple electronic circuits, like BareConductive Touch Board. Already 20 years ago someone called John Rigg made multi-voice (12 voice) Theremin and Moog make 5- voice version and Midi controllers Air Piano (airpiano.de), "M!ltone", and "MultiMultiTouchTouch" by Tim Thompson use Theremin principles. Catarina Mota Piano Box, Ototo by Dentaku or Digitalartsonline and Novalia are printed electronics projects. Cheapest phones or tablet PCs don t have motion sensors or even camera, outside device that has motion sensors and camera for musicmaking and other that connects to cheap phone, so apps like Beatfonic or LeapMotion or other 3D sensor and camera apps can be used, like Augumenta MARISIL or Innovega contact lenses video projection etc. And "Playing with constrants stylistic variation with a simple electronic instrument". Midi controllers like Udar, Kyub, GEST, Hothand USB Midi, OWOW, Drawdio, Popboard Arduino foot controller, DEMO Midi control jacket, Piolin Raspberry Pi, Lumiphone, Takara Tomy (Air Guitar & Ningen Gakki), LightHarp (Garry Greenwood), Beatjazz Hands (Onyx Ashanti), FM3 Buddha Machine, Tapdrum (Urip Wisnuardi Indonesia),Karlax or Sylphyo, Tribal Tools Kadabra, SD Midi controller, Midify interface (division-6.com), JamBass Midi Controller that are unconventional and not simple keyboard controllers etc. Older generation controllers were Buchla Magic Flute / Thunder / Lightning / Wind, EMS Soundbeam, Max Matthews Radio Baton etc. There is also modular miniature synths like EmSynth Miniature Synth and Bastl Instruments Trinity and Patchblocks that are based on 4000- series simply circuits and microcontrollers. Also VST hosts like SM Pro Audio V-Machine, or Plugiator, could be build. And microtonal keyboard controllers for non-western musical scales, or H-Pi Tuning Box scale transformer. Also using printed electronics oscillators or waveform generators that are like old Exar 2206 or Intersil ICL8038 can be made, Maxim MAX038 has 855 transistors function generators are simpler than CPUs, have several megaherz range and can be used as oscillator for analogue sound. Multiple voices from single function generator are possible simply dividing 2 Mhz range to 100 x 20 kiloherz channels and using simply frequency splitter in 20 kiloherz intervals. Perhaps full polyphony is not possible but paraphony at least with 100 voices at 2 mhz analog or 4 megaherz digital if sampling rate is 4 Mhz. "XR-2206 function generator" is in vwlowen.co.uk/arduino netpage. Old AD9835 function generator is being sold less than one dollar price, full PCB board with AD9850 and associated circuits was for sale at 4,82 british pounds price at Hong Kong etc. So prices of single chip function generators (like AD9837, AD9838, AD9833) are cheap and these can be used as digital oscillators for cheap synths (analog ones) if not using dedicated digital oscillators or microcontrollers. Altough dedicated (old) synth chips or computer CPUs have very low prices also (like "real" digital synth chips Toshiba TC203C760HF-002, T6TJ3XBG-001, HG73C205AFD, and Roland R02782778, Toshiba chips were used 20 years ago in Tyros music workstation etc.) using ordinary silicon chip technology. Firms like CSEM and SEFAR are making electronic filters using printed electronics. Printed electronics oscillators are being also made. EDP Wasp / Gnat, SWTPC Psych Tone 1971 and Triadex Muse were early digital synths. There is also Hornet, analog/digital EDP Wasp hybrid synth. Even ARP 2600 and Arp Pro Soloist and other seventies synths were using integrated circuits extensively so cheap clones of them with printed electronics is possible with digital oscillators. Building EMS Synthi 100 clone that is super using Hornet components (printed electronics plus discrete components version) cheap replacement for super expensive synth. Nowadays synths that use old 4000- series and other simple circuits are Lunetta synths, CMOS synths, Thomas Henry circuits, www5b.biglobe.ne.jp/houshu, etc. Now there are manufacturers like Castle Rocktronics, Folktek, Ciat-Lonbarde, Gieskes and Error Instruments netherlands, Casper Electronics (Blue Box), Sismo synth brazil, sonodrome.co.uk, and circuit bending community is huge around the world. So products for printed electronics almost no cost versions of these devices are possible, because circuits are simple. Examples of products are The Mot-Box (Kinetik Laboratories), Critter and Guitari, The Nebulophone, Pimoroni Piano HAT, Hyve Touch, Stylophone, "Mini-modules: Minimoog DIY" (Julien Delgoulet) The Counterpointer (Luisa Pereira), Unearthed Circuits Drone Machine, Therapsid, Theresyn, GinSing Babblebot IC, Olegtron, The Cracklebox, noystoise.com, 4Klang soft synth, Nanoloop, Plogue Chipspeech CMU. Digital hardware can use 1 bit ADC like monobit, pipeline, flash, time-interleaved, tracking, and dual-slope, and modulation like A/DPCM, ODelta compression (patent by Gurulogic OY), Differential & Augmented Vector Quantization or Negative Beta Encoder. ADC can be used "reversed" as PWM synth sound source. With dithered signal 8 - 10 bits (60 dB) dynamic range improvement is achieved, dither noise is audible, but 60dB is enough for sound chips and even cheap and simple low bitrate audio codec for 1 bit logic: "Maximum likelihood estimation from quantized data" (Gustafsson, Karlsson). Pink noise/flat dither is "musical" so using it with music synth as part of synth sound is not annoying. Perhaps audio & video codecs with 1 bit logic and dither & logarithmic scale are possible also. Also printed electronics CPUs using 1 bit logic, dithered signal can have 15 - 16 bits precision improvement using noise shaping, and if dither signal becomes audible in signal chain 20, 22 or 24 bit dynamic range is achivied. So 1 bit logic gates that use dithered signal can have max 24 bit precision. Texts: "A single chip synthesizer generating a digital signal of tunable frequency with nearly no spurs", "Turn DDS chip into low-frequency arbitrary signal generator" Munoz 2011, "Flash- ROM- based multichannel arbitrary- waveform generator" Woodward 1999, "Simple quadrature VCO covers two frequency decades with ultra low distortion" Gedde 2011, "Arbitrary waveform generator for 20$ -Instructables" for simple circuits for printed electronics. Old CEM and SSM digitally controlled analogue circuits for synths are also canditates for printed electronics roll printing. For ordinary silicon chip technology Anadigm FPAAs were used in cancelled Clavia Nord Modular "G3" about 2009, that used 4 Xilinx FPGAs and (4?) Anadigm FPAAs as filters, 128 voices polyphony that used (32 voices per one Anadigm chip?) five different filter types: Moog, Oberheim, Yamaha CS80 and MS20, and SSM filters. All five in 32-voice polyphony in one Anadigm FPAA filter chip that has price of about 6 dollars. Because Moog-style filters were used and are used today in many synths, Anadigm FPAA can replace all those filters. For printed electronics there are already factories in China and even India (Keentronics) that use roll printed electronics, so ordering mass produced cheap printed products from them would put cost to absolute minimum. For CPUs (Strong)ARM6- 9 or AMULET has 35- 111 000 transistors and ARM0+ about 50 000 minimum, or Hitachi SuperH now called J core and open source, could be roll printed. Malleable Technologies MECA Accelerator DSP, and configurable microcontroller ASIC made using FPGA block hardwired (economical). Roll printed processor has several square metres die area (manufactured using micrometer- class process) and is then folded like hankerchief to make it smaller, but optical (2 micrometer plastic optical fibre), neuromorphic, FPGA or FPAA & digital hybrid components, and approximate (Rice university) and reversible computing leads to small power consumption. ECL logic is fast and also low power versions exists, texts "Circuit idea / revealing the truth about ECL circuits", "Software based Finite State Machine (FSM) with general purpose processor". For silicon chip electronics there are projects like Novena platform, Nervana Systems, Numenta etc.If internet connection would be cost free at least in poorest countries of the world, people could participate in Loomio and other netpages, Loomio has Diaspora integrated in it, a social network that is distributed version of Facebook, and through internet people could get themselves "cognitive social capital" according to "Actor-Network Theory" (ANT) or Danilo Zolo s "teledemocracy". And could do microwork or "advertisement watching work" and earn money, and watch openculture.com and MUBI.com free feature films. Felix Faire Contact is 3D enviroment for artistic expression, how that suits for development countries internet?